Leheriya and Bandhani Sarees: The minimalist Indian Treasure
Leheriya sarees are traditional sarees that are made in the western part of India, in the state of Rajasthan. These saris are tie-dyed in a unique design that originates from its name. The word Leheriya comes from the Rajasthani word 'Leher'. Which means a wave, symbolic of the dyeing technique, which is used to produce the wave pattern. These Leheriya Sarees have a kind of zigzag pattern of one or more colors in irregular stripes. These saris provide the user with a visual invocation of water flowing in a direction.
The practice of printing Leheriya saris dates back to the 19th century. and has been ruling the apparel industry and wardrobes of Indian women since then. The Leheriya print is inspired by the regions of Udaipur, Gujarat, and some areas around it. The bright colors, motifs, and designs are symbolic of joy, brightness, and colorfulness.
Making the process of the Leheriya Sarees
Leheriya traditional saris are usually made on cotton, georgette, chiffon, or silk fabrics. The Leheriya design is made using an extraordinary method called resist-dyeing. The cloth is first tied and folded in a specific manner where a striped pattern is created. Then desired colors are dyed on every alternate stripe. Generally, the folded cloth is dipped in 4 or 5 colors to get different hues. The dyes are natural, and after the fabric is submerged for a specific time, the cloth is unfolded carefully. The fabric is then left to dry, and we get the unique and colorful Leheriya print.
Difference and similarity about Bandhani and Leheriya Sarees
The fundamental difference between bandhani and Leheriya saris lies in the process of making them. Leheriya saris are rolled along with the bias of the cloth and then tied and dyed in the desired color, after which the fabric is dried and unfolded. Whereas, on the other hand, for Bandhani Sarees, the cloth is first cut and design is made on the fabric using a stencil. After that, the fabric is tied into knots and dyed. Finally, the cloth is dried, and de knotting is done.
Method of tie and dye used in both bandhani and Leheriya saris. This type of saris have remained unchanged by the influence of history.
Leheriya sarees are symbolic of color, joy, and brightness, which at the same time show the simplicity of cultures of Rajasthan and Gujarat. One can sport these prints on every occasion and exhibit elegance and grace.